Vulcano, the ancient Hierà (sacred), Thermessa or Terasia; is a most interesting island due to its volcanic and post-volcanic phenomena. The circular tour of Vulcano is a succession of fantastic visions famous for their variety and beauty of scenery : the peculiar characteristic of Vulcano is its plateau, the most vast of the Aeolian islands, formed by lava, banks of tuff and quaternary deposits and furrowed by deep valleys. It is surrounded by undulating and bare hills, which fall towards the sea. On the high slopes of the island the panorama is picturesque and wild: dykes alternate with extensive areas of tuff and sand.
During Summer months the ground is covered by a beautiful and variegated colour. It is due to efflorescence (fumarolic sublimations) of ferrous and aluminium sulphate oozing from the ground. These formations disappear with the rain. Around the rocks and in front of the beach there occurs the typical phenomenon of the gurgling water caused by underwater fumaroles. On the seabed one notices vast deposits of colloidal sulphur in the form of thin flaky filaments which give to the sea a milky aspect. The gas, bursting out, generates numerous bubbles on the surface of the sea. The phenomenon can be seen very well from the height of the rocks when the sea is calm.Vulcano is a wonderful location for your sailing holiday in Italy.
Mud is one of Vulcano’s attractions. Immediately to the north of Porto di Levante, the sea water is warmed by smaller fumaroles (Acque Calde) that are located along the coast at a depth of up to a few metres. In the immediate hinterland area, there are the famous thermal springs, where you can bathe in a mixture of sea water and mud (Pozza dei Fanghi) at any time of year and any time of day or night. Mud treatment is recommended for people with rheumatic ailments and dermatological conditions (greasy skin, acne, psoriasis)